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Paediatric dentistry: branch of dentistry specialized in dental treatments for children. Starting at age three, a child should generally visit the dentist twice a year for cleaning, check-up and fluoride application.
Preventive dentistry: branch of dentistry aiming at detection and prevention of potential problems. It usually requires periodic visits for check ups and cleaning to prevent tooth decay and gum diseases.
Mercury-free dentistry: New-age dentistry using composite materials bonded to the tooth structure to give tooth-colored sealed fillings.  In contrast, old fillings used to be made with silver amalgam containing mercury inserted in the decayed tooth cavity.
Root canal treatment: A system of nerves and vessels called the pulp insures vitality, nutrition and sensitivity to the tooth. It runs in the root canal system .and ends up in the pulp chamber at the center of the tooth. A typically acute tooth-ache occurs when a deep cavity reaches the pulp, requiring a root canal treatment. The treatment consists in emptying, cleaning and sealing the root canal system with a special wax to prevent a future infection, abscess and eventual loss of the tooth.
Gum treatment: healthy teeth need healthy gums, hence the importance of keeping the gums in good shape. There are wide ranges of gum treatment from mere preventive cleaning to complex surgical procedures.
Crowns: when the destruction level of a tooth is major, simple fillings are not enough to restore the tooth functions. In this case, a crown is required to cover and protect the weak structures and restore masticatory, aesthetic and phonetic functions of the tooth
Bridges: a missing tooth could be replaced with a bridge. A bridge consists of making a crown on the two teeth around the missing tooth site and soldering a false tooth in between these two crowns. This three-unit bridge, generally made in porcelain, is cemented permanently in the mouth. A bridge could replace more than one tooth.
Whitening: when teeth are not white enough or stained due to eating habits, drinking or smoking, simple whitening is feasible. To do so, the patient usually wears on the teeth plastic shells filled with a special oxidant gel for one to two hours a night for two weeks. The results are usually stunning.
Bad breath treatment: popular believes relating bad breaths to stomach problems are wrong. Modern studies revealed that 90% of halitosis originates in the mouth. Consulting a dental professional is important to identify the origin and treat bad-breath problems.
Implants: one or more missing teeth could be replaced with implants. Implants are artificial roots generally screw-shaped, implanted in the bone of the jaws on which the missing tooth or teeth are permanently fixed.
Removable prosthesis: when edentulous areas are extensive, removable prosthesis, also called partial dentures are required. When all teeth are missing full dentures are needed. Dentures should always be removed while sleeping. They could be easily replaced by implant supported fixed prosthesis.
Cosmetic dentistry: branch of dentistry related to the smile, the appearance of teeth and their relationship with the lips and the rest of the face. Today technologies and dental materials allow remaking of worn-off old smiles
Porcelain veneers: front teeth are sometimes fairly healthy but their shape/size and/or color is not satisfactory. In this case, veneers are required to cover the exterior side of teeth to give the desired size, shape and color. Patients could bring over a picture of the smile they desire to have.
Oral surgery: branch of dentistry specialized in teeth extraction, minor oral surgical procedures or pre-prothetic corrections. When surgical treatments are complex and require expertise (implants, impacted wisdom teeth…), the patient is referred to a maxillo-facial surgeon to insure the best suitable treatment.